Monterey County

State agency warns anglers to ID Coho Salmon

Critical to preserve fisheries and protect endangered status

MONTEREY, Calif. - Ocean sport anglers are being warned to be vigilant about properly identifying their salmon before keeping them. The California Department of Fish and Wildlife says the ocean salmon fishing season in California is well underway and proper identification is critical for the survival of Coho or Silver salmon, a protected species.

Chinook or King salmon is the primary species targeted in California's ocean waters. The retention of Coho salmon, however, is prohibited in all California ocean fisheries in order to protect Central California coast and Southern Oregon-Northern California coast Coho stocks.

The state says that both species stock are severely depressed and listed under both state and federal endangered species acts.

Apparently the current drought in California is adding further stress to these Coho stocks. So wildlife managers say it's especially crucial this year to avoid any unnecessary mortality when handling and releasing Coho salmon.

Ocean anglers will most likely encounter Coho during early summer. So taking the time to correctly identify each salmon caught before removing it from the water can maximize survival of released Coho.

According to wildlife experts, netting or dropping a Coho salmon onto the deck of a boat can cause both scale loss and trauma that will likely reduce its chance of survival when released.

Wildlife managers say the most reliable method for identifying Coho is through examination of the lower mouth and gums. The gums at the base of the bottom teeth on a Coho salmon are gray, whereas Chinook gums are all black.

Another way to distinguish a Coho from a Chinook is to rub a finger along the fin rays of the tail fin. The fin rays on a Coho will feel rough like the edge of a dime, whereas the fin rays on a Chinook are smooth.

If you want to avoid coming in contact with Coho salmon in the first place, CDFW says anglers should rig their trolling gear to fish deeper as Coho are more often found in the top 30 feet of water. Using larger lures that select for the larger Chinook salmon will also reduce chances of hooking a Coho salmon.

For complete ocean salmon regulations, visit the Ocean Salmon webpage at: or call the Ocean Salmon Hotline at (707) 576-3429.

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